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Purchase of Firearms-Idaho

According to Article 1, Section 11, of the Idaho Constitution, people have the right to keep and bear arms.  Article 1, Section 11 reads: “The people have the right to keep and bear arms, which right shall not be abridged; but this provision shall not prevent the passage of laws to govern the carrying of weapons concealed on the person, nor prevent passage of legislation providing minimum sentences for crimes committed while in possession of a firearm, nor prevent passage of legislation providing penalties for the possession of firearms by a convicted felon, nor prevent the passage of legislation punishing the use of a firearm.  No law shall impose licensure, registration or special taxation on the ownership or possession of firearms or ammunition.  Nor shall any law permit the confiscation of firearms, except those actually used in the commission of a felony.”

Idaho state permit is not required to purchase a rifle, shotgun or handgun.  According to Idaho Code Section 18-3314, residents of the state of Idaho can purchase rifles and shotguns in a state other than Idaho.   According to Section 18-3315, other state residents can purchase rifles and shotguns in Idaho.  However, in such purchases the buyer should comply with the provision of the Federal Gun Control Act of 1968, the law applicable to such a purchase in Idaho and the other state.

The main government offices that deal with issues relating to firearms are:

Idaho Department of Law Enforcement

700 S. Stratford Dr

P.O. Box 700

Meridian, Idaho 83680-0700

Phone: (208)884-7000


Idaho Attorney General

700 W. State Street

P.O. Box 83720

Boise, Idaho 83720-0010

Phone: (208) 334-2400

Fax: (208) 854-8071

Inside Purchase of Firearms-Idaho