According to the Constitution of Ohio, citizens have the right to bear arms for their defense and security. However, the state shall not entertain standing armies, in time of peace that are dangerous to liberty, and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power[i].
License is not required to purchase a handgun, rifle, or shotgun in Ohio. However, the law prohibits a person less than eighteen years of age from purchasing any firearm other than for lawful hunting, sporting or educational purposes. It is unlawful to purchase a firearm in Oregon by a person who has the knowledge that s/he is prohibited by the sate from purchasing a firearm. Any adult citizen of Ohio, not prohibited from acquiring firearms, may purchase a rifle, shotgun or ammunition in Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Pennsylvania or West Virginia, and any adult resident of Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Pennsylvania or West Virginia is not prohibited from acquiring a rifle, shotgun or ammunition in Ohio provided that such purchase must be for purposes and circumstances supported by federal law.
A purchaser of a firearm should not knowingly make a false statement, or affirm the truth of a false statement previously made, when such statement is made in connection with the purchase of a firearm, and in conjunction with furnishing to the seller of the firearm of a fictitious or altered driver’s or commercial driver’s license or permit, a fictitious or altered identification card, or any other document that contains false information about the purchaser’s identity[ii].
Before accepting a guilty plea or plea of no contest to an indictment, information, or complaint charging a person with a misdemeanor offense of violence, the court shall personally or in writing inform the defendant that it may be unlawful under 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9) for the person to purchase a firearm or ammunition as a result of any conviction for a misdemeanor offense of violence[iii].
Primary government offices that deal with issues relating to firearms are:
30 E. Broad Street 17th Floor
Columbus, Ohio 43215-3428
Phone: (614) 466-4320
Fax: (614) 466-5057
Ohio Highway Patrol
P O Box 182074
Columbus, Ohio 43232
[i] Oh. Const. Art. I, § 4
[ii] ORC Ann. 2921.13
[iii] ORC Ann. 2943.033